What is an Atom? Electrons
Atoms of a particular element contain the same number of electrons. Electrons are tiny, very light particles that have a negative electrical charge. Electrons are negatively charged, circling the nucleus, making it a neutral, orbital particle.
What is an Atom? - Neutrons?
Neutrons are large and heavy like protons, however neutrons have no electrical charge.
What is an Atom? - Protons, Electrons and Neutrons
Atoms are composed of 3 kinds of small particles: protons, neutrons and electrons.
Protons have a positive charge
Electrons have a negative charge
Neutrons have no electrical charge
Protons, Electrons and Neutrons
Particle: Proton Charge: +1 Location: Nucleus of Atom
Particle: Electron Charge: -1 Location: Orbital
Particle: Neutron Charge: 0 Location: Nucleus of Atom
The Atomic number = The Number of Protons in the atom of an element
Atoms must have equal numbers of protons and electrons
What is an Atom? - Molecules and Atoms
Molecules and Atoms. A molecule is the smallest amount of a chemical substance that can exist. A molecule is capable of independent existence and can consist of one or more atoms, see the Molecules & Atoms link at the top of the page.
What is an Atom? Related Terms
The Atomic Number is the number of protons in the atom, see Periodic Table Number. The Atomic Mass, or atomic weight, is the average mass of atoms (protons and neutrons) of an element, see . Atoms of an element that have differing numbers of neutrons (but a constant atomic number) are termed isotopes. Element Isotopes have the same number of protons (and electrons) but different numbers of neutrons in the atom of an element.