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Fluorine Properties


"The Atom"

What are  the Properties of Fluorine? Definition of Fluorine
What is the definition of Fluorine? It is a pale yellow, white or colourless gas which can sometimes be fluorescent. It can be found in volcanic gases and thermal waters. Cryolite and Fluorspar is the chief ore of fluorine. It is one of the Halogen group of elements which are highly reactive can be found in many minerals and in seawater.

The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Fluorine, which distinguishes it from any other substance.  Most common substances, like Fluorine, exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to the article on Fluorine Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Fluorine Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Fluorine?
What are the Physical Properties of Fluorine? The Physical properties of Fluorine are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance. Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Fluorine are as follows:

  • Color : It is a pale yellow, white or colourless gas
  • Fluorescence : It can sometimes be fluorescent
  • Solubility : In liquid form it is freely soluble in liquid oxygen and ozone
  • Odor : Pungent
  • Density : A density of 1.695 grams per liter, it is 1.3 times as dense as air
  • Phase Change - Gas to liquid : Fluorine changes from a gas to a liquid at a temperature of -188.13C (-306.5F)
  • Phase Change - Liquid to solid : Fluorine changes from a liquid to a solid at -219.61C (-363.30F).

Fluorine Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Fluorine?
What are the Chemical Properties of Fluorine? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Fluorine are as follows.

  • Fluorine is the most chemically active non-metallic element and is the most electro-negative of all the elements.

  • Chemical Formula : F
  • Toxicity : Highly Poisonous at room temperature
  • Oxidation  : Does not combine with oxygen
  • Compounds : The importance of fluorine lies largely in its compounds. Fluorite is used as a flux in refining iron. Cryolite is used in the production of aluminum
  • Corrosion : Highly corrosive gas
  • Reactivity with water : When mixed with water, it reacts explosively
  • Reactivity with Elements : Reacts with all the elements except helium, neon, and argon
  • Reactivity with heat : Heat resistant
  • Flammability : Flammable, having the ability to catch on fire
Site Index
Chemical Properties
States of Matter
Fluorine Element
Periodic Table

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