They have Low melting and boiling points
compared to most other metals. The names of these elements are
Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium. They
are silver-coloured when pure and soft. Elements classified as
Alkali Metals are very reactive metals that do not occur freely
Periodic Table Groups - Alkali
Periodic Table Groups - Alkaline Earth metals - Group 2
Earth metals are the elements in group 2 of the Periodic Table.
The chemical symbols identify the element names. The alkaline
earth metals are silvered colored, soft metals. Elements
classified as Alkaline Earth Metals are all found in the Earth’s
crust, but not in the elemental form as they are so reactive.
Instead, they are widely distributed in rock structures.
Alkaline metals are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or
electricity and can be formed into sheets.
Periodic Table Groups -
Alkaline Earth Metals
Periodic Table Groups - Transition metals - Groups 3 - 12
metals are the elements in the middle of the periodic table.
These elements, classified as "transition metals“, can be found
in group 3 through to 12 of the periodic table. As with all
metals, the transition elements are both ductile and malleable,
and conduct electricity and heat. They are generally hard and
dense, and less reactive than the alkali metals. Iron, copper,
silver and gold are important transition metals.
Periodic Table Groups - Transition Metals
Periodic Table Groups - Metalloids - Groups 13, 14, 15, 16 and
elements classified as "Metalloids“ or “Semi-metals” are located
in Groups 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 of the Periodic Table.
Metalloids can have some properties partially like metals and
partially like non-metals. The terms brittleness,
semi-conductivity and metallic lustre are often used as
distinguishing indicators of metalloid status. The names of the
Metalloids are Boron, Silicon, Germanium, Arsenic, Antimony,
Tellurium and Polonium.
Periodic Table Groups - Metalloids
Periodic Table Groups - Other Metals - Groups 13, 14, and 15
classified as “Other Metals” are the metallic elements within
Groups 13, 14, and 15 in the Periodic Table. “Other metals” are
solid, opaque, ductile, malleable and good conductors of both
electricity and heat. They also have a relatively high density
The names of the Other Metals are Aluminium, Gallium, Indium,
Tin, Thallium, Lead and Bismuth.
Periodic Table Groups - Other Metals
Periodic Table Groups - Non-Metals - Groups 1, 14, 15 and 16
elements classified as “Non-Metals” are located in Groups 1, 14,
15 and 16 of the Periodic Table. They can be gases or elements
that do not look like metals and can be described as Brittle
solids. They are poor electrical and thermal conductors
Non-metallic elements exist, at room temperature as gases (such
as oxygen) and solids (such as carbon). The names of the
Non-Metals are Hydrogen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus,
Sulfur and Selenium.
Periodic Table Groups - Non-metals
Periodic Table Groups - Halogens - Group 17
elements classified as "Halogens" are located in Group 17 of the
Periodic Table. Group 17 is therefore the only periodic table
group exhibiting all three states of matter at room temperature.
They are non-metals with low melting and boiling points. They
have colored vapours and are poor conductors of heat and
electricity. The elements classed as Halogens are Fluorine,
Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine.
Table Groups - Halogens
Periodic Table Groups - Noble Gases - Group 18
Gases are in Group 18 of the periodic table. All of these gases
are found in air and make up around 0.96% of the atmosphere.
They are very un-reactive and colorless gases The 6 elements
classed as noble gases are Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon
Periodic Table Groups - Noble
Periodic Table Groups - Rare Earth Elements - Group 3
classified as "Rare Earth Elements" are located in Group 3 of
the Periodic Table and in the 6th and 7th periods. The Rare
Earth Elements are of the Lanthanide and Actinide series. The
Rare Earth metals are silver, silvery-white or gray metals which
have a high luster, but tarnish readily in air. They have a high