Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our
senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Mercury are as follows:
- Color : Silver-White mirror-like
- Luster :
- Conductivity : Good transmission of heat or electricity
- Surface Tension : High surface tension. When mercury is
spilled, it breaks up into tiny beads which often become lodged in
- Density : High Density
Mercury Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Mercury?
What are the Chemical
Properties of Mercury? They are the characteristics that
determine how it will react with other substances or change from
one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the
better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a
chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought
about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing
etc. The Chemical
Properties of Mercury are as follows:
Formula : Hg
- Toxicity : Highly toxic
- Reactivity with acids : Reacts with some acids when
they are hot, but does not react with most cold acids
- Oxidation : Does
not readily react with oxygen in the air
- Compounds : Many of mercury's compounds
are pigments, pesticides and medicines.
Vermilion, a vivid red pigment is a chemical compound of mercury and
sulfur and is known as red sulfide of mercury.
Mercuric chloride HgCl2, is used as an insecticide, in rat poison
- Amalgam : Mercury forms a special
type of alloy called an amalgam which is an alloy containing
mercury. An amalgam of mercury, silver and tin is used in dentistry
for filling teeth.