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Magnesium Properties

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What are  the Properties of Magnesium? Definition of Magnesium
What is the definition of Magnesium? It is a light, silvery-white, moderately hard metallic element that in ribbon or powder form burns with a brilliant white flame. The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Magnesium, which distinguishes it from any other substance.  Most common substances exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to the article on Magnesium Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Magnesium Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Magnesium?
What are the Physical Properties of Magnesium? The Physical properties of Magnesium are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance. Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor.

The Physical Properties of Magnesium are as follows:

  • Color : Silvery-white metal
  • Phase : Solid
  • Crystalline structure : Hexagonal
  • Ductility : It can be beaten into extremely thin sheets
  • Malleability : Capable of being shaped or bent
  • Luster  : Exhibits a shine or glow
  • Hardness : Relatively soft
  • Melting point : The melting point is 651C (1,200F)
  • Boiling point : Boiling point is 1,100C (2,000F)

Magnesium Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Magnesium?
What are the Chemical Properties of Magnesium? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Magnesium are as follows:

  • Chemical Formula : Mg
  • Compounds : Oxide, hydroxide, chloride, carbonate and sulfate. Also Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate heptahydrate) and Milk of Magnesia (magnesium hydroxide)
  • Flammability : Burns in air with a bright white light
  • Reactivity : Upon heating, magnesium reacts with halogens to yield halides
  • Alloys : Magnesium alloys are light, but very strong
  • Oxidation : It combines with oxygen at room temperature to form a thin skin of magnesium oxide
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