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Lead Properties

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What are  the Properties of Lead? Definition of Lead
What is the definition of Lead? It is a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white, dense metallic element, extracted chiefly from galena and used in containers and pipes for corrosives, solder and type metal, bullets, radiation shielding, paints, and antiknock compounds. Lead is a relatively poor conductor of electricity. It is very resistant to corrosion but tarnishes upon exposure to air.

The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Lead, which distinguishes it from any other substance.  Most common substances, like Lead, exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to the article on Lead Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Lead Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Lead?
What are the Physical Properties of Lead? The Physical properties of Lead are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance. Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Lead are as follows:

  • Color : Bluish-White
  • Malleability : Capable of being shaped or bent
  • Conductivity : Poor transmission of heat or electricity
  • Softness : Relatively Soft
  • Tensile : It can be stretched without breaking
  • Luster : A shine or glow
  • Crystalline structure : Face-centered cubic crystalline structure

Lead Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Lead?
What are the Chemical Properties of Lead? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Lead are as follows:

Lead is a moderately active metal. It dissolves slowly in water and in most cold acids. It reacts more rapidly with hot acids. It does not react with oxygen in the air readily and does not burn.

  • Chemical Formula : Pb
  • Reactivity with water : Dissolves slowly in water
  • Oxidation  : Does not readily react with oxygen in the air
  • Flammability : Does not burn
  • Reactivity with acids : Reacts quickly with hot acids but slowly to cold acids
  • Corrosion : Very resistant to corrosion but tarnishes upon exposure to air
  • Toxicity : Toxic
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