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Iron Properties


"The Atom"

What are  the Properties of Iron? Definition of Iron
What is the definition of Iron? It is a heavy malleable ductile magnetic silver-white metallic element that readily rusts in moist air, occurs native in meteorites and combined in most igneous rocks, is the most used of metals, and is vital to biological processes as in transport of oxygen in the body. The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Iron, which distinguishes it from any other substance. 

Most common substances, like Iron, exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to the article on Iron Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Iron Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Iron?
What are the Physical Properties of Iron? The Physical properties of Iron are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance.

Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Iron are as follows:

  • Color : Silver-gray metal
  • Malleability : Capable of being shaped or bent
  • Ductility : Easily pulled or stretched into a thin wire
  • Luster : Has a shine or glow
  • Conductivity : Good transmission of heat or electricity
  • Allotropy : It occurs in two or more crystalline forms in the same physical state
  • Tensile : It can be stretched without breaking
  • Ferromagnetic : Easily magnetized

Iron Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Iron?
What are the Chemical Properties of Iron? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Iron are as follows:

  • Chemical Formula : Fe
  • Toxicity : Non Toxic
  • Reactivity with water : Reacts with very hot water and steam to produce hydrogen gas
  • Oxidation : Readily combines with oxygen in moist air which produces iron oxide also known as rust
  • Solubility : Dissolves in acids
Site Index
Iron Element
Chemical Properties
States of Matter
Periodic Table

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