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Gold Properties

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What are  the Properties of Gold? Definition of Gold
What is the definition of Gold? It is a soft, yellow, corrosion-resistant element, the most malleable and ductile metal, occurring in veins and alluvial deposits.

A good thermal and electrical conductor, gold is generally alloyed to increase its strength. The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Gold, which distinguishes it from any other substance.

Most common substances, like Gold, exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to the article on Gold Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Gold Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Gold?
What are the Physical Properties of Gold? The Physical properties of Gold are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance. Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Gold are as follows:

  • Color : Bright Yellow
  • Luster : It has a shine or glow
  • Ductility : It can be beaten into extremely thin sheets of gold leaf
  • Malleability : Capable of being shaped or bent
  • Conductivity : Good electrical conductor
  • Solubility : Solubility (ability to be dissolved)
  • Hardness : A relatively soft metal, gold is usually hardened by alloying with copper, silver, or other metals.
  • Density : It is a dense metal
  • Melting point : It melts at 1065C

Gold Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Gold?
What are the Chemical Properties of Gold? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Gold are as follows:

  • Chemical Formula : Au
  • Activity : Gold is chemically inactive, it's extremely resistant to chemical action
  • Compounds : Ready reducibility from compounds to metal.
  • Auric chloride and chloro-auric acid are its most common compounds.
  • Reactivity with acids : Aqua regia, a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, has the ability to dissolve gold
  • Isotopes : It has one stable isotope, 197Au
  • Reactivity with Non-metals : Gold does not react with the Non-metals, except for halogens, with which it forms halides
  • Alloys : Silver and platinum
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