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Elements of a Group

Atom

"The Atom"

Elements of a Group - Names of the Elements of a Group
The elements displayed on the Periodic Table Groups are Gas, Liquid or Solid and are classified in groups or families. The elements of a group, or family, are categorised as Alkali Metals, Alkaline Earth Metals, Transition Metals, Metalloids,
Other Metals, Non-metals, Halogens, Noble Gases and Rare Earth Elements.

Each of these groups, have common properties and characteristics which are detailed in each of the above links to the groups.

Elements of a Group - Alkali Metals - Group 1
Alkali metals are found in group 1 of the Periodic Table. Alkali Metals are very reactive metals that do not occur freely in nature.

The names of the Alkali Metalsare as follows:

  • Lithium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Rubidium
  • Cesium
  • Francium

Elements of a Group - Alkaline Earth metals - Group 2
Alkaline Earth metals are found in group 2 of the Periodic Table. The alkaline earth metals are silvered colored, soft metals. The names of the Alkaline Earth Metals are as follows:

  • Beryllium
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Strontium
  • Barium
  • Radium

Elements of a Group - Halogens - Group 17
The 5 elements classified as "Halogens" are located in Group 17 of the Periodic Table. Group 17 is the only periodic table group exhibiting all three states of matter at room temperature. The names of the Halogens are as follows:

  • Fluorine
  • Chlorine
  • Bromine
  • Iodine
  • Astatine

Elements of a Group - Noble Gases - Group 18
The Noble Gases, or Inert Gases are in Group 18 of the periodic table. They are very un-reactive and colorless gases. The names of the Noble Gases are as follows:

  • Helium
  • Neon
  • Argon
  • Krypton
  • Xenon
  • Radon

Elements of a Group - Metalloids - Groups 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17
The 7 elements classified as "Metalloids“ or “Semi-metals” are located in Group 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 of the Periodic Table. Metalloids can have some properties partially like metals and partially like non-metals. The names of the Metalloidsare as follows:

  • Boron
  • Silicon
  • Germanium
  • Arsenic
  • Antimony
  • Tellurium
  • Polonium

Elements of a Group - Other Metals - Groups 13, 14, and 15
The elements classified as “Other Metals” are the metallic substances within Group 13, 14, and 15 in the Periodic Table. They are solid, opaque, ductile, malleable and good conductors of both electricity and heat. The names of the Other Metals are as follows:

  • Aluminium
  • Gallium
  • Indium
  • Tin
  • Thallium
  • Lead
  • Bismuth

Elements of a Group - Non-Metals - Groups 1, 14, 15 and 16
The 7 elements classified as “Non-Metals” are located in Group 1, 14, 15 and 16 of the Periodic Table. They can be gases or elements that do not look like metals and can be described as Brittle solids. The names of the  Non-metals are as follows:

  • Hydrogen
  • Carbon
  • Nitrogen
  • Oxygen
  • Phosphorus
  • Sulfur
  • Selenium

Elements of a Group - Rare Earth Elements - Group 3
The elements classified as "Rare Earth Elements" are located in Group 3 of the Periodic Table and in the 6th and 7th periods. The Rare Earth metals are silver, silvery-white or gray metals which have a high luster, but tarnish readily in air. The names of the Rare Earth Elements are as follows:

Lanthanide
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium

Actinide
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium

Elements of a Group - Transition metals - Group 3 - 12
The elements, classified as "transition metals“, can be found in group 3 through to 12 of the periodic table. As with all metals, the transition elements are both ductile and malleable, and conduct electricity and heat. The names of the Transition Metals are as follows:

  • Scandium
  • Titanium
  • Vanadium
  • Chromium
  • Manganese
  • Iron
  • Cobalt
  • Nickel
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Yttrium
  • Zirconium
  • Platinum
  • Gold
  • Mercury
  • Rutherfordium
  • Dubnium
  • Seaborgium
  • Bohrium
  • Hassium
  • Meitnerium
  • Ununbium
  • Niobium
  • Iridium
  • Molybdenum
  • Technetium
  • Ruthenium
  • Rhodium
  • Palladium
  • Silver
  • Cadmium
  • Hafnium
  • Tantalum
  • Tungsten
  • Rhenium
  • Osmium
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Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Transition Metals
Metalloids
Other Metals
Non-metals
Halogens
Noble Gases
Rare Earth Elements

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