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The Element Titanium

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What is Titanium as on the Periodic Table? Definition of the Titanium Element

A strong, low-density, highly corrosion-resistant, lustrous white metallic element that occurs widely in igneous rocks. Pure titanium is not soluble in water but is soluble in concentrated acids.

It is used to alloy aircraft metals for low weight, strength, and high-temperature stability.

In both Physical and Chemical Properties titanium resembles silicon, though it is somewhat more metallic in character. This resemblance is most marked in the acids of titanium. The Atomic Number of this element is 22 and the Element Symbol is Ti.

Properties of the Titanium Element
Symbol of Element : Ti
Atomic Number: 22
Atomic Mass: 47.867 amu
Melting Point: 1660.0 C - 1933.15 K
Boiling Point: 3287.0 C - 3560.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 22
Number of Neutrons: 26
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 4.54 g/cm3
Color of Titanium : lustrous white

What is Titanium? Origin / Meaning of the name Titanium
The name originates from the Greek word titanos meaning Titans from Greek mythology who were the "first sons of the earth".

What is Titanium? Periodic Table Group and Classification of the Titanium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Titanium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

What is Titanium? Facts about the History and the Discovery of the Titanium Element
Titanium was discovered in ilmenite by Reverend William Gregor in 1791 in England. The element was rediscovered  in rutile ore in 1795 by the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth.

What is Titanium? Occurrence of the Titanium Element
Titanium is a very widely distributed element in nature, being found in almost all soils, in many rocks, and even in plant and animal tissues. It is not very abundant in any one locality, and it possesses little commercial value save in connection with the Iron industry. Its most common ore is rutile (TiO2), which resembles silica in many respects.
Obtained from the minerals ilmenite and rutile
The element is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust (0.6% by mass)
Is present in most igneous rocks

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 0.0003%
% in Sun 0.0004%
% in Meteorites 0.054%
% in Earth's Crust 0.66%
% in Oceans 110-7%
% in Humans N/A

Medical Uses of Titanium - Health and Treatments
Interesting information on the Medical Uses of Titanium, Health and Treatments. Titanium dioxide is a white powder and the active ingredient in a number of topical ointments and lotions used as a sunscreen.

Associated Uses of Titanium
Paint
Rubber
Plastics
Paper
Smoke screens
Sunscreens
Titanium jewelry including wedding rings / bands and watches

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