Origin / Meaning of the name Niobium
Name Origin - Columbium was the name originally given to this
element by Hatchet but IUPAC officially adopted "niobium" as the
name originally given by Heinrich Rose in 1846.
The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek
king Tantalus because the elements niobium and tantalum were
originally thought to be identical elements.
Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Niobium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States
of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Niobium
classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 -
12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as
Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat. Nearly 75%
of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as
metals which are detailed in the
List of Metals.
Facts about the History
Discovery of the Niobium
Niobium was discovered by
in 1801 in the columbite ore that was sent to England in the 1750s
by John Winthrop, the first governor of Connecticut. Hatchet therefore gave it the name Columbium.
Heinrich Rose and Jean Charles
Galissard de Marignac rediscovered the element in 1846. Christian
Blomstrand was the first to prepare the metal in 1864.
History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief
History of the
Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous
scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of
the Periodic Table.
Occurrence of the Niobium Element
Obtained from columbite
Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe
% in Sun 4×10-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000019%
% in Earth's Crust 0.0017%
% in Oceans 1×10-10%
% in Humans N/A
Associated Uses of Niobium
Hot metal spraying