Origin / Meaning of the name Niobium
Name Origin - Columbium was the name originally given to this element by Hatchet but IUPAC officially adopted "niobium" as the name originally given by Heinrich Rose in 1846. The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek king Tantalus because the elements niobium and tantalum were originally thought to be identical elements.
Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Niobium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Niobium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.
Facts about the History and the Discovery of the Niobium Element
Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchet in 1801 in the columbite ore that was sent to England in the 1750s by John Winthrop, the first governor of Connecticut. Hatchet therefore gave it the name Columbium. Heinrich Rose and Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac rediscovered the element in 1846. Christian Blomstrand was the first to prepare the metal in 1864.
History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.
Occurrence of the Niobium Element
Obtained from columbite
Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 2×10-7%
% in Sun 4×10-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000019%
% in Earth's Crust 0.0017%
% in Oceans 1×10-10%
% in Humans N/A
Associated Uses of Niobium
Hot metal spraying