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Chlorine Properties


"The Atom"

What are  the Properties of Chlorine? Definition of Chlorine
What is the definition of Chlorine? Clorine is a highly irritating, greenish-yellow gaseous halogen, capable of combining with nearly all other elements, produced principally by electrolysis of sodium chloride (common salt). The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Chlorine, which distinguishes it from any other substance.  Most common substances exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma. Refer to our article on Chlorine Element for additional information and facts about this substance.

Chlorine Properties - What are the Physical Properties of Chlorine?
What are the Physical Properties of Chlorine? The Physical properties of Chlorine are the characteristics that can be observed without changing the substance into another substance.

Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Chlorine are as follows:

  • Color: Greenish-yellow

  • Phase: Gas

  • Odor: Disagreeable, suffocating smell

  • Density: About two and one-half times as dense as air

  • Solubility: Is soluble in water. Its aqueous solution is called chlorine water which consists of a mixture of chlorine, hydrochloric acid, and hypochlorous acid

  • Boiling Point: The boiling point of chlorine is 34.05C

  • Melting Point: The melting point is 101C.

Chlorine Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Chlorine?
What are the Chemical Properties of Chlorine? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Chlorine are as follows:

  • Chemical Formula: Cl

  • Corrosion: Highly corrosive

  • Toxicity: Highly Toxic

  • Compounds: PVC, hydrochloric acid and Sodium chloride (table salt)

  • Reactivity with metals: Most metals react with dry chlorine only upon heating

  • Combustion: Alkali metals react with chlorine by combustion when tiny amounts of moisture are present

  • Explosive: Specific mixtures of chlorine and hydrogen can be explosive

  • Oxidation: It forms the oxides Cl2O, ClO2, O2O6, Cl2O7, and Cl2O8, as well as hypochlorites (salts of hypochlorous acid), chlorites and chlorates

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Physical Properties
States of Matter
Chlorine Element
Periodic Table

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