Physical properties are usually those that can be observed using our senses such as color, luster, freezing point, boiling point, melting point, density, hardness and odor. The Physical Properties of Chlorine are as follows:
Odor: Disagreeable, suffocating smell
Density: About two and one-half times as dense as air
Solubility: Is soluble in water. Its aqueous solution is called chlorine water which consists of a mixture of chlorine, hydrochloric acid, and hypochlorous acid
Boiling Point: The boiling point of chlorine is –34.05°C
Melting Point: The melting point is –101°C.
Chlorine Properties - What are the Chemical Properties of Chlorine?
What are the Chemical Properties of Chlorine? They are the characteristics that determine how it will react with other substances or change from one substance to another. The better we know the nature of the substance the better we are able to understand it. Chemical properties are only observable during a chemical reaction. Reactions to substances may be brought about by changes brought about by burning, rusting, heating, exploding, tarnishing etc. The Chemical Properties of Chlorine are as follows:
Chemical Formula: Cl
Corrosion: Highly corrosive
Toxicity: Highly Toxic
Compounds: PVC, hydrochloric acid and Sodium chloride (table salt)
Reactivity with metals: Most metals react with dry chlorine only upon heating
Combustion: Alkali metals react with chlorine by combustion when tiny amounts of moisture are present
Explosive: Specific mixtures of chlorine and hydrogen can be explosive
Oxidation: It forms the oxides Cl2O, ClO2, O2O6, Cl2O7, and Cl2O8, as well as hypochlorites (salts of hypochlorous acid), chlorites and chlorates